Laird BJ, McMillan D, Skipworth RJE, Fallon MT, Paval DR, McNeish I & Gallagher IJ (2021) The Emerging Role of Interleukin 1β (IL-1β) in Cancer Cachexia. Inflammation, 44 (4), pp. 1223-1228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10753-021-01429-8
Treatment of cancer cachexia remains an unmet need. The host-tumour interface and the resulting sequestration of the pro-inflammatory cytokine Il-1β is critical in cachexia development. Neuroinflammation mediated via IL-1β through the hypothalamic pituitary axis results in increased muscle proteolysis and adipose lipolysis, thus creating a prolonged stress-like environment with loss of appetite and increased resting energy expenditure. Recent trials using a monoclonal antibody targeting IL-1β, canakinumab, have shown a potential role in lung cancer; however, a potential role of targeting IL-1β to treat cachexia in patients with lung cancer is unclear, yet the underlying pathophysiology provides a sound rationale that this may be a viable therapeutic approach.
Inflammation; Cachexia; Interleukin-1 beta
Inflammation: Volume 44, Issue 4
|Publication date online||27/04/2021|
|Date accepted by journal||27/01/2021|