Article

Political parties and Organization Studies: The party as a critical case of organizing

Citation

Husted E, Moufahim M & Fredriksson M (2021) Political parties and Organization Studies: The party as a critical case of organizing. Organization Studies. https://doi.org/10.1177/01708406211010979

Abstract
Organization scholars have extensively studied both the politics of organization and the organization of politics. Contributing to the latter, we argue for further and deeper consideration of political parties, since: (1) parties illuminate organizational dynamics of in- and exclusion; (2) internal struggles related to the constitution of identities, practices, and procedures are accentuated in parties; (3) the study of parties allow for the isolation of processes of normative and affective commitment; (4) parties prioritize and intensify normative control mechanisms; (5) party organizing currently represents an example of profound institutional change, as new (digital) formations challenge old bureaucratic models. Consequently, we argue that political parties should be seen as ‘critical cases’ of organizing, meaning that otherwise commonplace phenomena are intensified and exposed in parties. This allows researchers to use parties as magnifying glasses for zooming-in on organizational dynamics that may be suppressed or concealed by the seemingly non-political façade of many contemporary organizations. In conclusion, we argue that organization scholars are in a privileged position to investigate how political parties function today and how their democratic potential can be improved in the future. To this end, we call on Organization and Management Studies to engage actively with alternative parties in an attempt to explore and promote progressive change within the formal political system.

Keywords
Political parties; Organizational politics; Inclusion and exclusion; Normative control; Commitment; Alternative organization; Intellectual activism; Democracy

Notes
Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online

Journal
Organization Studies

StatusIn Press
FundersVelux Fonden
Publication date online06/04/2021
Date accepted by journal16/03/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32521
PublisherSAGE Publications
ISSN0170-8406
eISSN1741-3044