Conference Paper

The castle of Achanduin, Lismore - A point of reference for the radiocarbon analysis of mortar-entrapped relict limekiln fuels

Citation

Thacker M (2020) The castle of Achanduin, Lismore - A point of reference for the radiocarbon analysis of mortar-entrapped relict limekiln fuels. Radiocarbon, 62 (6), pp. 1563-1575. https://doi.org/10.1017/RDC.2020.57

Abstract
The results of a short program of landscape, buildings and materials analysis undertaken at Achanduin Castle, Lismore, Scotland (NM 8043 3927) are presented from the pilot phase of the Scottish Medieval Castles & Chapels C14 Project (SMCCCP). The study presents the first independent chronological evidence relating to the construction of this important medieval building, by radiocarbon analysis of a limited assemblage of Mortar-Entrapped Relict Limekiln Fuel (MERLF) fragments. Informed by a wider investigation of structural phasing and sample taphonomy, these measurements are constrained within a series of different Bayesian models, to generate a range of comparative estimates for the building’s constructional chronology. The precision with which the construction of this building can now be dated, from other evidence associated with the site, makes the Achanduin Castle study a useful point of reference for wider materials research.

Keywords
buildings; medieval; mortar; radiocarbon AMS dating; Scotland

Journal
Radiocarbon: Volume 62, Issue 6

StatusPublished
FundersHistoric Environment Scotland
Publication date31/12/2020
Publication date online29/07/2020
Date accepted by journal29/07/2020
ISSN0033-8222
eISSN1945-5755