Article

Dietary organic zinc promotes growth, immune response and antioxidant capacity by modulating zinc signaling in juvenile Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Citation

Shi B, Xu F, Zhou Q, Regan MK, Betancor MB, Tocher DR, Sun M, Meng F, Jiao L & Jin M (2021) Dietary organic zinc promotes growth, immune response and antioxidant capacity by modulating zinc signaling in juvenile Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Aquaculture Reports, 19, Art. No.: 100638. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aqrep.2021.100638

Abstract
An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate effects of dietary organic zinc (zinc amino acid chelate) on growth performance, mineral bioaccumulation in whole body, hepatopancreas and carapace, innate immune response and antioxidant capacity of juvenile Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Five isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets were formulated to contain different zinc levels of 46.4 (basal diet), 65.5, 85.9, 108.4 and 130.6 mg kg−1. Dietary zinc level significantly influenced growth and feed utilization, with the lowest weight gain and highest feed conversion ratio observed in shrimp fed the basal diet. The optimal dietary zinc requirement was estimated to be 104.8 mg kg-1 for juvenile Pacific white shrimp. Shrimp fed the diet containing 130.6 mg kg−1 Zn had the highest zinc concentration in hepatopancreas and carapace, but there were no significant differences in calcium or phosphorus concentration in tissues. Dietary Zn increased the activities of lysozyme, alkaline phosphatase and polyphenol oxidase in hepatopancreas. Shrimp fed the diets supplemented with zinc had significantly higher activity of Cu/Zn SOD and lower content of malondialdehyde in hepatopancreas. The expression levels of toll, imd, lzm, proPO and alp involved in immunity and Cu/Zn sod related to oxidation resistance were up-regulated. Zinc also promoted the expression levels of mt and mtf-1, and up-regulated the expression of SLC39 family genes (zip3, zip9, zip11, zip14) in hepatopancreas. These data provided novel insights in the potential mechanism of organic zinc-induced enhancement of immunity and antioxidant capacity in Pacific white shrimp.

Keywords
Organic zinc; Pacific white shrimp; Innate immunity; Antioxidant ability; Zinc signaling

Journal
Aquaculture Reports: Volume 19

StatusPublished
Publication date31/03/2021
Publication date online16/02/2021
Date accepted by journal09/02/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32440
ISSN2352-5134