Article

The "Super-Network": Fostering Interaction Between Human Rights and Climate Change Institutions

Citation

Schapper A (2021) The "Super-Network": Fostering Interaction Between Human Rights and Climate Change Institutions. Complexity, Governance and Networks, 6 (1), pp. 32-45. https://doi.org/10.20377/cgn-102

Abstract
This article contributes to understanding unique forms of actor constellations and their tactics in fostering institutional interaction. It explores interaction processes between the human rights and the climate regime, and more specifically, the incorporation of human rights in the 2015 Paris climate agreement. During the Paris negotiations, an inter-constituency alliance comprised of environmental movements, human rights organizations, gender activists, indigenous peoples’ representatives, trade unions, youth groups and faith-based organizations successfully lobbied for the incorporation of rights principles into the new climate instrument. I argue that this alliance can be grasped as a "super-network", a network above several individual transnational advocacy networks (TANs), that works across policy fields and uses information, symbols and stories, as well as accountability and leverage politics to foster interaction between a source institution (human rights regime) and a target institution (climate regime). By employing a package approach, which reiterates a core message of common principles individual networks have agreed on, the "super-network" changed the practices of governments in international negotiations and fostered inter-institutional interaction. Empirically, my research is mainly based on expert interviews and participatory observations at the strategic meetings of TANs at three different climate negotiations in Warsaw (2013), Paris (2015) and Bonn (2017), including follow-up skype interviews with key experts between 2013 and 2020.

Keywords
transnational advocacy networks; institutional interaction; human rights; climate change; Paris Agreement

Journal
Complexity, Governance and Networks: Volume 6, Issue 1

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2021
Publication date online28/02/2021
Date accepted by journal15/02/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32346
PublisherUniversitatsbibliothek Bamberg
ISSN2214-2991
eISSN2214-2991