Evidence for implementation of interventions to promote mental health in the workplace: a systematic scoping review protocol



Paterson C, Leduc C, Maxwell M, Aust B, Amann BL, Cerga-Pashoja A, Coppens E, Couwenbergh C, O’Connor C, Arensman E & Greiner BA (2021) Evidence for implementation of interventions to promote mental health in the workplace: a systematic scoping review protocol. Systematic Reviews, 10 (1), Art. No.: 41.

Background Mental health problems are common in the working population and represent a growing concern internationally, with potential impacts on workers, organisations, workplace health and compensation authorities, labour markets and social policies. Workplace interventions that create workplaces supportive of mental health, promote mental health awareness, destigmatise mental illness and support those with mental disorders are likely to improve health and economical outcomes for employees and organisations. Identifying factors associated with successful implementation of these interventions can improve intervention quality and evaluation, and facilitate the uptake and expansion. Therefore, we aim to review research reporting on the implementation of mental health promotion interventions delivered in workplace settings, in order to increase understanding of factors influencing successful delivery. Methods and analysis A scoping review will be conducted incorporating a stepwise methodology to identify relevant literature reviews, primary research and grey literature. This review is registered with Research Registry (reviewregistry897). One reviewer will conduct the search to identify English language studies in the following electronic databases from 2008 through to July 1, 2020: Scopus, PROSPERO, Health Technology Assessments, PubMed, Campbell Collaboration, Joanna Briggs Library, PsycINFO, Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL and Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH). Reference searching, Google Scholar, Grey Matters, IOSH and expert contacts will be used to identify grey literature. Two reviewers will screen title and abstracts, aiming for 95% agreement, and then independently screen full texts for inclusion. Two reviewers will assess methodological quality of included studies using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool and extract and synthesize data in line with the RE-AIM framework, Nielson and Randall’s model of organisational-level interventions and Moore’s sustainability criteria, if the data allows. We will recruit and consult with international experts in the field to ensure engagement, reach and relevance of the main findings. Discussion This will be the first systematic scoping review to identify and synthesise evidence of barriers and facilitators to implementing mental health promotion interventions in workplace settings. Our results will inform future evaluation studies and randomised controlled trials and highlight gaps in the evidence base. Systematic review registration Research Registry (reviewregistry897)

Barriers and facilitators; RE-AIM; Workplace; Mental health promotion; Implementation science; Scoping review; Organisational interventions; Workplace interventions; Process evaluation; Wellbeing promotion

Systematic Reviews: Volume 10, Issue 1

FundersEuropean Commission (Horizon 2020)
Publication date31/12/2021
Publication date online28/01/2021
Date accepted by journal21/12/2020
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC

People (1)


Professor Margaret Maxwell

Professor Margaret Maxwell

Professor, NMAHP

Projects (1)