Article

Development of diagnostic assays for differentiation of atypical Aeromonas salmonicida vapA type V and type VI in ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta, Ascanius)

Citation

Papadopoulou A, Davie A, Monaghan SJ, Migaud H & Adams A (2021) Development of diagnostic assays for differentiation of atypical Aeromonas salmonicida vapA type V and type VI in ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta, Ascanius). Journal of Fish Diseases, 44 (6), pp. 711-719. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfd.13334

Abstract
Aeromonas salmonicida (As) is a highly heterogeneous bacterial species, and strains’ host specificity has been reported. Ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta Ascanius, 1767) is susceptible to atypical As (aAs) vapA type V and type VI in Scotland and Norway. Identification of the bacterium is achieved by culture and molecular techniques; however, the available methods used to distinguish the As types are costly and time‐consuming. This paper describes the development of a PCR and a restriction enzyme assay for the detection of aAs vapA type V and type VI in ballan wrasse, respectively. Type V‐specific primers were designed on conserved regions of the vapA gene, and the restriction enzyme assay was performed on the PCR products of the hypervariable region of vapA gene for the detection of type VI isolates. Amplification product was produced for type V (254 bp) and restriction bands (368 and 254 bp) for type VI isolates only. In addition, the assays detected type V and type VI isolates in spiked water samples and type V in diagnostic tissue samples. The assays are fast, specific and cost‐effective and can be used as specific diagnostic tools for cleaner fish, to detect infectious divergence strains, and to manage and mitigate aAs disease outbreaks through vaccine development.

Keywords
atypical Aeromonas salmonicida; ballan wrasse; cleaner fish; diagnosis; polymerase chain reaction

Journal
Journal of Fish Diseases: Volume 44, Issue 6

StatusPublished
FundersSAIC Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre
Publication date30/06/2021
Publication date online25/01/2021
Date accepted by journal30/12/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32210
PublisherWiley
ISSN0140-7775
eISSN1365-2761