Article

Intensification, regulation and diversification: the changing face of inland aquaculture in China

Citation

Newton R, Zhang W, Xian Z, McAdam B & Little DC (2021) Intensification, regulation and diversification: the changing face of inland aquaculture in China. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 50 (9), pp. 1739-1756. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-021-01503-3

Abstract
Taking Hubei province, the largest carp producer in China, as a case study, surveys of trends in aquatic food consumption preferences were matched against farm production surveys and compared to official production data and statistics to gauge the current and future status of Chinese inland aquaculture. Surveys showed that consumer tastes were changing to a much broader aquatic food menu as their spending power increased. Traditional aquaculture species were becoming less profitable due to reduced profit margins as input costs increased and consumption preferences changed. Consequently, many producers were diversifying their production to meet local demand. Some farmers were also de-intensifying by reducing commercial aquafeed inputs and reverting to more traditional methods of dyke-crop culture to optimise trade-offs between input costs and labour, and manage their risk more effectively. In addition, analysis of local data showed wholesale changes were occurring to aquaculture production as environmental protection legislation took effect which reduced the growing area for carps considerably.

Keywords
Aquaculture; China; diversification; Legislation; wet markets; consumption

Journal
AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment: Volume 50, Issue 9

StatusPublished
Publication date30/09/2021
Publication date online05/03/2021
Date accepted by journal12/01/2021
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32150
ISSN0044-7447
eISSN1654-7209