Article

Identification of miR-145 as a Key Regulator Involved in LC-PUFA Biosynthesis by Targeting hnf4α in the Marine Teleost Siganus canaliculatus

Citation

Chen C, Zhang M, Li Y, Wang S, Xie D, Wen X, Hu Y, Shen J, He X, You C, Tocher DR & Monroig Ó (2020) Identification of miR-145 as a Key Regulator Involved in LC-PUFA Biosynthesis by Targeting hnf4α in the Marine Teleost Siganus canaliculatus. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 68 (51), pp. 15123-15133. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.0c04649

Abstract
Fish, particularly marine species, are considered as the major source of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) in the human diet. The extent to which fish can synthesize LC-PUFA varies with species and is regulated by dietary fatty acids and ambient salinity. Therefore, to enable fish to produce more LC-PUFA, comprehending the mechanisms underlying the regulation of LC-PUFA biosynthesis is necessary. Here, the regulatory roles of miR-145 were investigated in the marine teleost rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus. The hepatic abundance of miR-145 was lower in rabbitfish reared in low salinity (10 ppt) in comparison with that of those cultured in seawater (32 ppt), while the opposite pattern was observed for the transcripts of the transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (Hnf4α), known to affect rabbitfish LC-PUFA biosynthesis. Rabbitfish hnf4α was identified as a target of miR-145 by luciferase reporter assays, and overexpression of miR-145 in the S. canaliculatus hepatocyte line (SCHL) markedly reduced the expression of Hnf4α and its target genes involved in LC-PUFA biosynthesis, namely, Δ4 fads2, Δ6Δ5 fads2, and elovl5. The opposite pattern was observed when miR-145 was knocked down in SCHL cells, with these effects being attenuated by subsequent hnf4α knockdown. Moreover, increasing endogenous Hnf4α by the knockdown of miR-145 increased the expression of LC-PUFA biosynthesis genes and enhanced the synthesis of LC-PUFA in both SCHL cells and rabbitfish in vivo. This is the first report to identify miR-145 as a key effector of LC-PUFA biosynthesis by targeting hnf4α, providing a novel insight into the mechanisms of the regulation of LC-PUFA biosynthesis in vertebrates.

Keywords
miR-145; hnf4α; LC-PUFA biosynthesis; Siganus canaliculatus

Journal
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry: Volume 68, Issue 51

StatusPublished
Publication date23/12/2020
Publication date online08/12/2020
Date accepted by journal23/11/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/32127
ISSN0021-8561
eISSN1520-5118