Article

Developmental and familial predictors of adult cognitive traits in the European starling

Citation

Nettle D, Andrews CP, Monaghan P, Brilot BO, Bedford T, Gillespie R & Bateson M (2015) Developmental and familial predictors of adult cognitive traits in the European starling. Animal Behaviour, 107, pp. 239-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2015.07.002

Abstract
In birds, there is evidence that adult cognitive traits can both run in families and be affected by early developmental influences. However, different studies use different cognitive tasks, which may not be measuring the same traits, and also focus on different developmental factors. We report results from a study in which we administered multiple cognitive tasks (autoshaping, discrimination learning, reversal learning, progressive ratio schedule, extinction learning and impulsivity) to a cohort of 34 European starlings, Sturnus vulgaris, for which several early developmental measures were available. The cohort consisted of siblings raised either apart or together, whose position in the size hierarchy of the rearing brood had been experimentally manipulated. We examined how the different cognitive measures covaried, the extent to which they ran in families, and which of the developmental factors predicted which of the cognitive outcomes. We found that discrimination and reversal learning speeds were positively correlated, as were breakpoint on the progressive ratio schedule and resistance to extinction. Otherwise, the cognitive measures were uncorrelated, suggesting that they reflected different underlying traits. All traits except discrimination and reversal learning speed ran in families to a substantial extent. Using a model selection approach, we found evidence that natal brood size and developmental telomere attrition (the extent to which the birds' erythrocyte telomeres shortened in early life, an integrative measure of developmental stress) were related to several adult cognitive measures. Results are discussed with respect to the best way of measuring avian cognitive abilities, and the utility of developmental telomere attrition as a predictor of adult outcomes.

Keywords
cognition; developmental stress; impulsivity; intelligence; learning; starlings; telomeres

Journal
Animal Behaviour: Volume 107

StatusPublished
FundersBBSRC, BBSRC and ERC
Publication date30/09/2015
Publication date online31/07/2015
Date accepted by journal10/06/2015
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31905
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0003-3472