GnRHa implants and size pairing effects on plasma and cephalic secretion sex steroids in Arapaima gigas


Torati LS, Taylor JF, Mesquita PEC & Migaud H (2020) GnRHa implants and size pairing effects on plasma and cephalic secretion sex steroids in Arapaima gigas. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 299, Art. No.: 113614.

Arapaima gigas, one of the world’s largest freshwater fish, is considered an emerging species for aquaculture development in Brazil given its high growth rate and meat quality. However, the lack of reproductive control in captivity has limited the expansion of Arapaima farming. This study aimed to test the effects of hormonal induction using mGnRHa implants and size pairing on broodstock reproduction through the analyses of sex steroids. To do so, broodstock of different sizes (large, small or mixed) were paired and implanted. Plasma and cephalic secretion profiles of testosterone (T), 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT) and 17β-oestradiol (E2) were analysed. Compared to control (non-implanted), implanted broodstock showed a significant increase in plasma 11-KT (large and small males) and T (large and mixed females) post GnRHa implantation. In females, a significant increase in plasma T levels was shown, however, E2 remained unchanged after implantation. Despite the lack of clear spawning induction, this study showed the potency of GnRHa on sex steroid production regardless of pairing groups. Interestingly, significant correlations between blood plasma and cephalic secretion levels of 11-KT in males and T in females were observed, indicating the possible release of pheromones through the cephalic canals of A. gigas.

Hormonal induction; Lateral line; Sex steroids; Pheromones; Pirarucu; Reproduction

General and Comparative Endocrinology: Volume 299

FundersBrazilian Agriculture Research Corporation
Publication date31/12/2020
Publication date online30/09/2020
Date accepted by journal09/09/2020