Article

Exploring Personalised Autonomous Vehicles to Influence User Trust

Citation

Sun X, Li J, Tang P, Zhou S, Peng X, Li HN & Wang Q (2020) Exploring Personalised Autonomous Vehicles to Influence User Trust. Cognitive Computation, 12 (6), pp. 1170-1186. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12559-020-09757-x

Abstract
Trust is a major determinant of acceptance of an autonomous vehicle (AV), and a lack of appropriate trust could prevent drivers and society in general from taking advantage of such technology. This paper makes a new attempt to explore the effects of personalised AVs as a novel approach to the cognitive underpinnings of drivers’ trust in AVs. The personalised AV system is able to identify the driving behaviours of users and thus adapt the driving style of the AV accordingly. A prototype of a personalised AV was designed and evaluated in a lab-based experimental study of 36 human drivers, which investigated the impact of the personalised AV on user trust when compared with manual human driving and non-personalised AVs. The findings show that a personalised AV appears to be significantly more reliable through accepting and understanding each driver’s behaviour, which could thereby increase a user’s willingness to trust the system. Furthermore, a personalised AV brings a sense of familiarity by making the system more recognisable and easier for users to estimate the quality of the automated system. Personalisation parameters were also explored and discussed to support the design of AV systems to be more socially acceptable and trustworthy.

Keywords
Autonomous vehicle; Driving characteristics; Driving style; Personalisation; Trust; User experience; User study; Human factors

Journal
Cognitive Computation: Volume 12, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Publication date30/11/2020
Publication date online30/09/2020
Date accepted by journal23/07/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31724
ISSN1866-9956
eISSN1866-9964