Zioga P, Chapman P, Ma M & Pollick F (2015) A Hypothesis of Brain-to-Brain Coupling in Interactive New Media Art and Games Using Brain-Computer Interfaces. In: Göbel S, Ma M, Baalsrud Hauge J, Fradinho Oliveira M, Wiemeyer J & Wendel V (eds.) Serious Games. JCSG 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 9090. Serious Games First Joint International Conference, JCSG 2015, Huddersfield, UK, 03.06.2015-04.06.2015. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, pp. 103-113. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19126-3_9
Abstract Interactive new media art and games belong to distinctive fields, but nevertheless share common grounds, tools, methodologies, challenges, and goals, such as the use of applications and devices for engaging multiple participants and players, and more recently electroencephalography (EEG)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). At the same time, an increasing number of new neuroscientific studies explore the phenomenon of brain-to-brain coupling, the dynamics and processes of the interaction and synchronisation between multiple subjects and their brain activity. In this context, we discuss interactive works of new media art, computer and serious games that involve the interaction of the brain-activity, and hypothetically brain-to-brain coupling, between multiple performer/s, spectator/s, or participants/players. We also present Enheduanna – A Manifesto of Falling (2015), a new live brain-computer cinema performance, with the use of an experimental passive multi-brain BCI system under development. The aim is to explore brain-to-brain coupling between performer/s and spectator/s as means of controlling the audio-visual creative outputs.
Keywords Brain-to-brain Coupling, Brain-Computer Interface (BCI), Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), Electroencephalography (EEG), New Media Art, Computer Games, Serious Games, Performer, Audience, Spectator, Participant, Player