Article

Addressing and overcoming barriers to e-cigarette use for smoking cessation in pregnancy: A qualitative study

Citation

Bowker K, Ussher M, Cooper S, Orton S, Coleman T & Campbell KA (2020) Addressing and overcoming barriers to e-cigarette use for smoking cessation in pregnancy: A qualitative study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (13), Art. No.: 4823. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134823

Abstract
E-cigarettes may have a role in supporting pregnant women who would otherwise smoke to stop smoking. The study aimed to understand pregnant women’s vaping experiences, in particular how vaping to stop smoking is facilitated and how barriers to this are overcome. We conducted semi structured telephone interviews (n = 15) with pregnant or postpartum women who vaped during pregnancy, either exclusively (n = 10) or dual-used (n = 5) (smoked and vaped). Thematic analysis was used to analyse the interviews. Two themes emerged. First, ‘facilitating beliefs’: inherent beliefs that helped women overcome barriers to vaping. These included understanding the relative safety of vaping and economic gains compared with smoking and pregnancy being a motivator to stop smoking. Second, ‘becoming a confident vaper’: accumulating sufficient skill and confidence to comfortably vape. This included experimentation with e-cigarettes to ensure nicotine dependence and sensory needs were met. Seeking social support and employing strategies to address social stigma were also important. Positive beliefs about vaping and becoming proficient at vaping were viewed as ways to overcome barriers to vaping. The theoretical domain framework informed intervention recommendations to assist pregnant smokers who have tried but cannot stop smoking to switch to vaping.

Keywords
pregnancy; electronic cigarettes; vaping; smoking cessation; barriers

Journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health: Volume 17, Issue 13

StatusPublished
FundersNational Institute for Health Research
Publication date31/07/2020
Publication date online31/07/2020
Date accepted by journal01/07/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31457
eISSN1660-4601