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Article

Biased-corrected richness estimates for the Amazonian tree flora

Citation
ter Steege H, Prado PI, de Lima RAF, Pos E, de Souza Coelho L, de Andrade Lima Filho D, Salomão RP, Amaral IL, de Almeida Matos FD, Castilho CV, Phillips OL, Guevara JE, Veiga Carim MdJ, Cardena Lopez D & Silva TSF (2020) Biased-corrected richness estimates for the Amazonian tree flora. Scientific Reports, 10, Art. No.: 10130. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66686-3

Abstract
Amazonian forests are extraordinarily diverse, but the estimated species richness is very much debated. Here, we apply an ensemble of parametric estimators and a novel technique that includes conspecific spatial aggregation to an extended database of forest plots with up-to-date taxonomy. We show that the species abundance distribution of Amazonia is best approximated by a logseries with aggregated individuals, where aggregation increases with rarity. By averaging several methods to estimate total richness, we confirm that over 15,000 tree species are expected to occur in Amazonia. We also show that using ten times the number of plots would result in an increase to just ~50% of those 15,000 estimated species. To get a more complete sample of all tree species, rigorous field campaigns may be needed but the number of trees in Amazonia will remain an estimate for years to come.

Notes
Additional co-authors: William E. Magnusson, Florian Wittmann, Maria Pires Martins, Daniel Sabatier, Mariana Victória Irume, José Renan da Silva Guimarães, Jean-François Molino, Olaf S. Bánki, Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade, Nigel C. A. Pitman, José Ferreira Ramos, Abel Monteagudo Mendoza, Eduardo Martins Venticinque, Bruno Garcia Luize, Percy Núñez Vargas, Evlyn Márcia Moraes de Leão Novo, Neidiane Farias Costa Reis, John Terborgh, Angelo Gilberto Manzatto, Katia Regina Casula, Euridice N. Honorio Coronado, Juan Carlos Montero, Alvaro Duque, Flávia R. C. Costa, Nicolás Castaño Arboleda, Jochen Schöngart, Charles Eugene Zartman, Timothy J. Killeen, Beatriz S. Marimon, Ben Hur Marimon-Junior, Rodolfo Vasquez, Bonifacio Mostacedo, Layon O. Demarchi, Ted R. Feldpausch, Julien Engel, Pascal Petronelli, Chris Baraloto, Rafael L. Assis, Hernán Castellanos, Marcelo Fragomeni Simon, Marcelo Brilhante de Medeiros, Adriano Quaresma, Susan G. W. Laurance, Lorena M. Rincón, Ana Andrade, Thaiane R. Sousa, José Luís Camargo, Juliana Schietti, William F. Laurance, Helder Lima de Queiroz, Henrique Eduardo Mendonça Nascimento, Maria Aparecida Lopes, Emanuelle de Sousa Farias, José Leonardo Lima Magalhães, Roel Brienen, Gerardo A. Aymard C., Juan David Cardenas Revilla, Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira, Bruno Barçante Ladvocat Cintra, Pablo R. Stevenson, Yuri Oliveira Feitosa, Joost F. Duivenvoorden, Hugo F. Mogollón, Alejandro Araujo-Murakami, Leandro Valle Ferreira, José Rafael Lozada, James A. Comiskey, José Julio de Toledo, Gabriel Damasco, Nállarett Dávila, Aline Lopes, Roosevelt García-Villacorta, Freddie Draper, Alberto Vicentini, Fernando Cornejo Valverde, Jon Lloyd, Vitor H. F. Gomes, David Neill, Alfonso Alonso, Francisco Dallmeier, Fernanda Coelho de Souza, Rogerio Gribel, Luzmila Arroyo, Fernanda Antunes Carvalho, Daniel Praia Portela de Aguiar, Dário Dantas do Amaral, Marcelo Petratti Pansonato, Kenneth J. Feeley, Erika Berenguer, Paul V. A. Fine, Marcelino Carneiro Guedes, Jos Barlow, Joice Ferreira, Boris Villa, Maria Cristina Peñuela Mora, Eliana M. Jimenez, Juan Carlos Licona, Carlos Cerón, Raquel Thomas, Paul Maas, Marcos Silveira, Terry W. Henkel, Juliana Stropp, Marcos Ríos Paredes, Kyle G. Dexter, Doug Daly, Tim R. Baker, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, William Milliken, Toby Pennington, J. Sebastián Tello, José Luis Marcelo Pena, Carlos A. Peres, Bente Klitgaard, Alfredo Fuentes, Miles R. Silman, Anthony Di Fiore, Patricio von Hildebrand, Jerome Chave, Tinde R. van Andel, Renato Richard Hilário, Juan Fernando Phillips, Gonzalo Rivas-Torres, Janaína Costa Noronha, Adriana Prieto, Therany Gonzales, Rainiellene de Sá Carpanedo, George Pepe Gallardo Gonzales, Ricardo Zárate Gómez, Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues, Egleé L. Zent, Ademir R. Ruschel, Vincent Antoine Vos, Émile Fonty, André Braga Junqueira, Hilda Paulette Dávila Doza, Bruce Hoffman, Stanford Zent, Edelcilio Marques Barbosa, Yadvinder Malhi, Luiz Carlos de Matos Bonates, Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda, Natalino Silva, Flávia Rodrigues Barbosa, César I. A. Vela, Linder Felipe Mozombite Pinto, Agustín Rudas, Bianca Weiss Albuquerque, Maria Natalia Umaña, Yrma Andreina Carrero Márquez, Geertje van der Heijden, Kenneth R. Young, Milton Tirado, Diego F. Correa, Rodrigo Sierra, Janaina Barbosa Pedrosa Costa, Maira Rocha, Emilio Vilanova Torre, Ophelia Wang, Alexandre A. Oliveira, Michelle Kalamandeen, Corine Vriesendorp, Hirma Ramirez-Angulo, Milena Holmgren, Marcelo Trindade Nascimento, David Galbraith, Bernardo Monteiro Flores, Veridiana Vizoni Scudeller, Angela Cano, Manuel Augusto Ahuite Reategui, Italo Mesones, Cláudia Baider, Casimiro Mendoza, Roderick Zagt, Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo, Cid Ferreira, Daniel Villarroel, Reynaldo Linares-Palomino, William Farfan-Rios, William Farfan-Rios, Luisa Fernanda Casas, Sasha Cárdenas, Henrik Balslev, Armando Torres-Lezama, Miguel N. Alexiades, Karina Garcia-Cabrera, Luis Valenzuela Gamarra, Elvis H. Valderrama Sandoval, Freddy Ramirez Arevalo, Lionel Hernandez, Adeilza Felipe Sampaio, Susamar Pansini, Walter Palacios Cuenca, Edmar Almeida de Oliveira, Daniela Pauletto, Aurora Levesley, Karina Melgaço & Georgia Pickavance -

Journal
Scientific Reports: Volume 10

StatusPublished
Author(s)Cardena Lopez, Dairon; de Souza Coelho, Luiz; Silva, Thiago Sanna Freire; de Lima, Renato A F; Amaral, Ieda Leao; de Andrade Lima Filho, Diogenes; Pos, Edwin; ter Steege, Hans; Salomão, Rafael P; Prado, Paulo I; Castilho, Carolina V; Phillips, Oliver L; de Almeida Matos, Francisca Dionizia; Veiga Carim, Marcelo de Jesus; Guevara, Juan Ernesto
FundersBrazilian National Research Council
Publication date31/12/2020
Publication date online30/06/2020
Date accepted by journal19/05/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31422
eISSN2045-2322
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