Article

Atypical Aeromonas salmonicida vapA type V and Vibrio spp. are predominant bacteria recovered from ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta in Scotland

Citation

Papadopoulou A, Wallis T, Ramirez-Paredes JG, Monaghan SJ, Davie A, Migaud H & Adams A (2020) Atypical Aeromonas salmonicida vapA type V and Vibrio spp. are predominant bacteria recovered from ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta in Scotland. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 140, Art. No.: 47-54. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03489

Abstract
Healthy and/or moribund farmed and wild ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta (>0.5 to 900 g) were sampled from hatcheries (n = 2) and Atlantic salmon cage sites (n = 8) in Scotland between February 2016 and October 2018. Less than half of the sampled individuals (n = 43, 32.3%) had been vaccinated (autogenous polyvalent vaccine; dip and/or injection) against atypical furunculosis (type V and VI) while 20 (15.0%) fish were not vaccinated and the rest (70 individuals, 52.7%) were of unknown vaccination status. Swab samples from skin lesions, gill, liver, spleen and kidney were inoculated onto a variety of bacteriological agar plates and bacteriology identification and sequencing analysis was performed on significant bacterial colonies. Atypical Aeromonas salmonicida (aAs) vapA type V was the predominant bacterial species (70/215 bacteria isolates; 32.5% of bacteria samples – 43/117 positive individual fish; 36.8%) isolated in this survey followed by Vibrio species which were the most geographically prevalent bacteria. Photobacterium indicum/profundum was also isolated from L. bergylta for the first time during this study. The collection of these bacterial isolates provides useful information for disease management. Identifying the aAs isolates involved in disease in ballan wrasse could provide vital information for improving / updating existing autogenous vaccines.

Keywords
Atypical Aeromonas salmonicida; Ballan wrasse; Health survey; Cleaner fish

Journal
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms: Volume 140

StatusPublished
FundersSAIC Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre
Publication date31/12/2020
Publication date online02/07/2020
Date accepted by journal27/04/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31429
PublisherInter-Research Science Center
ISSN0177-5103
eISSN1616-1580