Article

Towards the automatic detection of skin lesion shape asymmetry, color variegation and diameter in dermoscopic images

Citation

Ali A, Li J & O’Shea SJ (2020) Towards the automatic detection of skin lesion shape asymmetry, color variegation and diameter in dermoscopic images. PLOS ONE, 15 (6), Art. No.: e0234352. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234352

Abstract
Asymmetry, color variegation and diameter are considered strong indicators of malignant melanoma. The subjectivity inherent in the first two features and the fact that 10% of melanomas tend to be missed in the early diagnosis due to having a diameter less than 6mm, deem it necessary to develop an objective computer vision system to evaluate these criteria and aid in the early detection of melanoma which could eventually lead to a higher 5-year survival rate. This paper proposes an approach for evaluating the three criteria objectively, whereby we develop a measure to find asymmetry with the aid of a decision tree which we train on the extracted asymmetry measures and then use to predict the asymmetry of new skin lesion images. A range of colors that demonstrate the suspicious colors for the color variegation feature have been derived, and Feret’s diameter has been utilized to find the diameter of the skin lesion. The decision tree is 80% accurate in determining the asymmetry of skin lesions, and the number of suspicious colors and diameter values are objectively identified.

Keywords
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; General Agricultural and Biological Sciences; General Medicine

Journal
PLOS ONE: Volume 15, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Publication date16/06/2020
Publication date online16/06/2020
Date accepted by journal23/05/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31320
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
eISSN1932-6203