Article

Antimicrobial Resistance in Humans and Animals: Rapid Review of Psychological and Behavioral Determinants

Citation

Chambers JA, Crumlish M, Comerford DA & O'Carroll RE (2020) Antimicrobial Resistance in Humans and Animals: Rapid Review of Psychological and Behavioral Determinants. Antibiotics, 9 (6), Art. No.: 285. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9060285

Abstract
A rapid review of current evidence examining psychological issues regarding the use of antibiotics and antimicrobials and resistance to these in both human and animal populations was conducted. Specific areas of interest were studies examining psychological determinants of AMR and interventions which attempt to change behavior with regard to AMR in the general population; animals; and fish, in particular. Although there is some evidence of the effectiveness of behavior change in general human populations, there is limited evidence in farmed animals, with a particular dearth in fish farming. We conclude there is an urgent need for more psychological research to identify major barriers and facilitators to change and evaluate the effectiveness of theory-based interventions aimed at reducing AM use in food production animals, including the promotion of alternatives to AMs, such as vaccination.

Keywords
antibiotic resistance; antimicrobial resistance; antibiotic stewardship; antimicrobial stewardship; human; animal; psychology; intervention; vaccination

Journal
Antibiotics: Volume 9, Issue 6

StatusPublished
FundersIDRC International Development Research Centre
Publication date30/06/2020
Publication date online27/05/2020
Date accepted by journal24/05/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31251
eISSN2079-6382