Hope K (2020) Role of nurses in addressing modifiable risk factors for early Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment. British Journal of Nursing, 29 (8), pp. 460-469. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2020.29.8.460
A multidisciplinary advisory group of health professionals involved in dementia care assessed the current evidence base regarding modifiable risk factors (MRFs) for early Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment. Based on evidence from the published literature and clinical experience, MRFs in four areas were identified where there is evidence to support interventions that may help delay cognitive decline or reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease: medical (eg cardiovascular risk factors), psychosocial (eg depression, anxiety, social isolation), lifestyle (eg lack of physical activity, smoking) and nutrition (eg poor diet, lack of micronutrients). Practical guidance on how health professionals, but in particular nurses, may actively seek to address these MRFs in clinical practice was also developed. Nurses are at the forefront of patient care and, as such, are ideally placed to offer advice to patients that may proactively help mitigate the risks of cognitive decline and the development of Alzheimer's disease.
Alzheimer's disease; Dementia; Mild cognitive impairment; Modifiable risk factor; Nurse
British Journal of Nursing: Volume 29, Issue 8