Article

Self-guided mindfulness and cognitive behavioural practices reduce anxiety in autistic adults: A pilot 8-month waitlist-controlled trial of widely available online tools

Citation

Gaigg SB, Flaxman PE, McLaven G, Shah R, Bowler DM, Meyer B, Roestorf A, Haenschel C, Rodgers J & South M (2020) Self-guided mindfulness and cognitive behavioural practices reduce anxiety in autistic adults: A pilot 8-month waitlist-controlled trial of widely available online tools. Autism, 24 (4), pp. 867-883. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361320909184

Abstract
Anxiety in autism is an important target for psychological therapies because it is very common and because it significantly impacts upon quality of life and well-being. Growing evidence suggests that cognitive behaviour therapies and mindfulness-based therapies can help autistic individuals learn to manage feelings of anxiety but access to such therapies remains problematic. In the current pilot study, we examined whether existing online cognitive behaviour therapy and mindfulness-based therapy self-help tools can help reduce anxiety in autistic adults. Specifically, 35 autistic adults were asked to try either an existing online cognitive behaviour therapy (n = 16) or mindfulness-based therapy (n = 19) programme while a further 19 autistic adults served as a waitlist comparison group. A first important finding was that 23 of the 35 (66%) participants who tried the online tools completed them, suggesting that such tools are, in principle, acceptable to many autistic adults. In addition, adults in the cognitive behaviour therapy and mindfulness-based therapy conditions reported significant decreases in anxiety over 3 and to some extent also 6 months that were less apparent in the waitlist group of participants. On broader measures of mental health and well-being, the benefits of the online tools were less apparent. Overall, the results suggest that online self-help cognitive behaviour therapy and mindfulness-based therapy tools should be explored further as a means of providing cost-effective mental health support to at least those autistic individuals who can engage effectively with such online tools.

Keywords
Autism Spectrum; Anxiety; Cognitive Therapies; Mindfulness; Mental Health; Online

Journal
Autism: Volume 24, Issue 4

StatusPublished
FundersMedical Research Council
Publication date01/05/2020
Publication date online08/04/2020
Date accepted by journal27/02/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/31121
PublisherSAGE Publications
ISSN1362-3613
eISSN1461-7005