Temmermans F, Bhowmik D, Pereira F, Ebrahimi T & Schelkens P (2020) Exploration of media blockchain technologies for JPEG privacy and security. In: Kozacki T & Schelkens P (eds.) Optics, Photonics and Digital Technologies for Imaging Applications VI. Proceedings of SPIE, 11353. SPIE Photonics Europe 2020, Online Only, France, 06.04.2020-10.04.2020. SPIE, p. 113530U. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2556684
Privacy and security, copyright violations and fake news are emerging challenges in digital media. Social media and data leaks increase risk of user privacy. Creative media particularly images are often susceptible to copyright violations which poses a serious problem to the industry. On the other hand, doctored images using photo editing tools and computer generated images may give a false impression of reality and add to the problem of fake news. These problems demand solutions to protect images and associated metadata as well as methods that can proof the integrity of digital media. For these reasons, the JPEG standardization committee has been working on a new Privacy and Security standard that provides solutions to support privacy and security focused workflows. The standard defines tools to support protection and integrity across the wide range of JPEG image standards. Related to image integrity, blockchain technology provides a solution for creating tamper proof distributed ledgers. However, adopting blockchain technology for digital image integrity poses several challenges at the technology level as well as at the level of privacy legislation. In addition, if blockchain technology is adopted to support media applications, it needs to be closely integrated with a widely adopted standard to ensure broad interoperability. Therefore, the JPEG committee initiated an activity to explore standardization needs related to media blockchain and distributed ledger technologies (DLT). This paper explains the scope and implementation of the JPEG Privacy and Security standard and presents the current state of the exploration on standardization needs related to media blockchain applications.
privacy; security; copyright; integrity; fake news; blockchain; Distributed Ledger Technologies; DLT; media; image; JPEG; standardization