Article

Effects of dietary Origanum vulgare on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) immune and antioxidant status

Citation

García Beltrán JM, Silvera DG, Ruiz CE, Campo V, Chupani L, Faggio C & Esteban MA (2020) Effects of dietary Origanum vulgare on gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) immune and antioxidant status. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 99, pp. 452-461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2020.02.040

Abstract
Origanum sp. is a very common genus of aromatic plants worldwide distributed around the Mediterranean area and O. vulgare (oregano) is the most important species of this genus throughout the world. Due the known medicinal properties of oregano, the effect of diets enriched with 0% (control), 0.5% and 1% oregano leaves powder was studied on the growth, immune and antioxidant status of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). Fish fed with oregano 0.5% and 1% enriched diets improved both humoral (IgM and bactericidal activity in skin mucus and protease activity in serum) and cellular (head kidney leucocytes phagocytic ability) immunity at 15 and 30 days. Furthermore, the addition of oregano did not provoke any significant effect neither in the growth promotion nor in the liver antioxidant enzymes activity studied in the serum and skin mucus. The possibility of using O. vulgare as a functional additive to fish diet is discussed.

Keywords
Origanum vulgare; Immunostimulants; Antioxidants; Gilthead seabream (Sparu saurata L.); Teleosts; Aquaculture

Journal
Fish and Shellfish Immunology: Volume 99

StatusPublished
Publication date30/04/2020
Publication date online28/02/2020
Date accepted by journal17/02/2020
ISSN1050-4648