Article

Using fatty acid markers to distinguish between effects of salmon (Salmo salar) and halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) farming on mackerel (Scomber scombrus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus)

Citation

Ghanawi J & McAdam BJ (2020) Using fatty acid markers to distinguish between effects of salmon (Salmo salar) and halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) farming on mackerel (Scomber scombrus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus). Aquaculture Research, 51 (6), pp. 2229-2242. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.14568

Abstract
Presence of coastal aquaculture activities in marine landscapes is growing with impacts on the wild fish that share these habitats. However, it is difficult to disentangle subsequent ecological interactions between these activities and marine fish communities. We evaluated the impact of both salmon and halibut farms on mackerel (Scomber scombrus) and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) sampled near sea cages using condition indices and fatty acid (FA) biomarkers. Results of the stomach content analysis indicated that mackerel and whiting consumed waste feed which was also reflected in their modified FA profiles. Both mackerel and whiting had elevated levels of FAs that are of vegetable oils origin. The use of vegetable oils as replacement for marine oils is a lot more common in salmon farming than halibut farming. Additionally, the overall effects of the two fish farms were more pronounced in whiting than in mackerel sampled near the sea cages. By allowing discrimination between sources of trophic interactions, this method could lead to more informed decisions in managing different farming activities.

Keywords
fatty acid biomarkers; Fish farming; halibut farming; linear discriminant analysis; salmon farming; wild fish populations

Journal
Aquaculture Research: Volume 51, Issue 6

StatusPublished
FundersFisheries Society of the British Isles
Publication date30/06/2020
Publication date online28/02/2020
Date accepted by journal05/02/2020
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30977
PublisherWiley
ISSN1355-557X
eISSN1365-2109