Guidance for reporting intervention development studies in health research (GUIDED): An evidence-based consensus study



Duncan EA, O’Cathain A, Rousseau N, Croot L, Sworn K, Turner K, Yardley L & Hoddinott P (2020) Guidance for reporting intervention development studies in health research (GUIDED): An evidence-based consensus study. BMJ Open, 10 (4), Art. No.: e033516.

Objective To improve the quality and consistency of intervention development reporting in health research. Design This was a consensus exercise consisting of two simultaneous and identical three-round e-Delphi studies (one with experts in intervention development and one with wider stakeholders including funders, journal editors and public involvement members), followed by a consensus workshop. Delphi items were systematically derived from two preceding systematic reviews and a qualitative interview study. Participants Intervention developers (n=26) and wider stakeholders (n=18) from the UK, North America and Europe participated in separate e-Delphi studies. Intervention developers (n=13) and wider stakeholders (n=13) participated in a 1-day consensus workshop. Results e-Delphi participants achieved consensus on 15 reporting items. Following feedback from the consensus meeting, the final inclusion and wording of 14 items with description and explanations for each item were agreed. Items focus on context, purpose, target population, approaches, evidence, theory, guiding principles, stakeholder contribution, changes in content or format during the development process, required changes for subgroups, continuing uncertainties, and open access publication. They form the GUIDED (GUIDance for the rEporting of intervention Development) checklist, which contains a description and explanation of each item, alongside examples of good reporting. Conclusions Consensus-based reporting guidance for intervention development in health research is now available for publishers and researchers to use. GUIDED has the potential to lead to greater transparency, and enhance quality and improve learning about intervention development research and practice.

BMJ Open: Volume 10, Issue 4

FundersMRC Medical Research Council
Publication date30/04/2020
Publication date online08/04/2020
Date accepted by journal19/02/2020

People (2)


Professor Edward Duncan

Professor Edward Duncan

Professor, NMAHP

Professor Pat Hoddinott

Professor Pat Hoddinott

Chair in Primary Care, NMAHP

Projects (1)