Article

A systematic review with meta-analyses of text message-delivered behaviour change interventions for weight loss and weight loss maintenance

Alternative title Review of SMS for Weight Management

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Citation

Skinner R, Gonet V, Currie S, Hoddinott P & Dombrowski S (2020) A systematic review with meta-analyses of text message-delivered behaviour change interventions for weight loss and weight loss maintenance [Review of SMS for Weight Management]. Obesity Reviews, 21 (6), Art. No.: e12999. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12999

Abstract
Short Message Service (SMS)-delivered behaviour change interventions are frequently used to support weight management. This systematic review examines the effectiveness of SMS-delivered behaviour change interventions for weight management. Electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SMS-delivered adult weight management interventions to control groups, published between 1990 and 2018. Weight change was examined using random effects meta-analyses at intervention cessation and post intervention follow-up. Subgroup analyses examined intervention duration, SMS frequency, theory use, SMS interactivity, and SMS tailoring. Fifteen studies met inclusion criteria (2,705 participants). For weight loss interventions (n=12, 1,977 participants), the mean differences in weight change was -2.28kg (95% confidence interval [CI] -3.17 to -1.36kg). No studies reported post intervention follow-up. For weight loss maintenance interventions (n=3, 728 participants) the mean differences in weight change was -0.68kg (95% CI, -1.31 to -0.05kg) and post intervention follow-up (n=2, 498 participants) effects were -0.57kg (95% CI, -1.67 to 0.53kg). No subgroup differences were found. SMS-delivered behaviour change interventions for weight loss led to significant small to moderate weight loss and weight loss maintenance compared to control groups. Evidence on long-term effects is limited. SMS-delivered behaviour change interventions are a potentially effective and scalable intervention option for obesity treatment

Keywords
SMS; text message; obesity; weight loss; weight loss maintenance

Journal
Obesity Reviews: Volume 21, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Publication date30/06/2020
Publication date online11/02/2020
Date accepted by journal20/12/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30625
ISSN1467-7881
eISSN1467-789X

People (4)

People

Dr Sinead Currie
Dr Sinead Currie

Lecturer, Psychology

Dr Stephan Dombrowski
Dr Stephan Dombrowski

Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Psychology

Professor Pat Hoddinott
Professor Pat Hoddinott

Chair in Primary Care, NMAHP

Miss Rebecca Skinner
Miss Rebecca Skinner

PhD Researcher, Psychology

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