Article

Stereotypes and chronotopes: The peasant and the cosmopolitan in narratives about migration

Citation

Creese A & Blackledge A (2019) Stereotypes and chronotopes: The peasant and the cosmopolitan in narratives about migration. Journal of Sociolinguistics. https://doi.org/10.1111/josl.12376

Abstract
Stereotypes are chronotopic (Bakhtin, 1994) in the sense that they make good use of character types in time and space to utter identifiable speech forms and make evident other semiotic displays. This paper argues for sociolinguistics to expand its interpretation of the chronotope to encompass the relationship between “character” and “author” in identity texts. It suggests that conflating author and character in identity scholarship, as is the case in much sociolinguistic research, risks losing an opportunity to understand how people author characters in their narratives to project sets of values and beliefs. Using linguistic ethnography, we report on two migrant women and their interactions among colleagues to illustrate their authoring of two characters, namely the peasant and the cosmopolitan. We show how these specific women mobilize these characters in narrative production to refute harmful traditions and ethnolinguistic stereotypes in favour of cosmopolitan identities which draw on broader geographical and social scales associated with the city.

Keywords
chronotope; identity; migration; narrative; stereotype

Notes
Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online

Journal
Journal of Sociolinguistics

StatusPublished
FundersArts and Humanities Research Council
Publication date online31/12/2019
Date accepted by journal16/12/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30604
ISSN1360-6441
eISSN1467-9841