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Article

Effects of dietary arachidonic acid in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) distal intestine lipid classes and gut health

Citation
Rivero-Ramirez F, Torrecillas S, Betancor MB, Izquierdo MS, Caballero MJ & Montero D (2019) Effects of dietary arachidonic acid in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) distal intestine lipid classes and gut health. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-019-00744-0

Abstract
The use of low fishmeal/fish oil in marine fish diets affects dietary essential fatty acids (EFAs) composition and concentration and, subsequently, may produce a marginal deficiency of those fatty acids with a direct impact on the fish intestinal physiology. Supplementation of essential fatty acids is necessary to cover the requirements of the different EFAs, including the ones belonging to the n-6 series, such as arachidonic acid (ARA). ARA, besides its structural role in the configuration of the lipid classes of the intestine, plays an important role in the functionality of the gut-associated immune tissue (GALT). The present study aimed to test five levels of dietary ARA (ARA0.5 (0.5%), ARA1 (1%), ARA2 (2%), ARA4 (4%), and ARA6 (6%)) for European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles in order to determine (a) its effect in selected distal intestine (DI) lipid classes composition and (b) how these changes affected gut bacterial translocation rates and selected GALT-related gene expression pre and post challenge. No differences were found between distal intestines of fish fed with the graded ARA levels in total neutral lipids and total polar lipids. However, DI of fish fed with the ARA6 diet presented a higher (P 

Keywords
Aquaculture; Dicentrarchus labrax; Arachidonic acid; Gut polar lipids; Distal intestine; Gut health

Notes
Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online

Journal
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

StatusPublished
Author(s)Rivero-Ramirez, Fernando; Torrecillas, Silvia; Betancor, Monica B; Izquierdo, Marisol S; Caballero, Maria Jose; Montero, Daniel
Publication date online31/12/2019
Date accepted by journal04/12/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30608
ISSN0920-1742
eISSN1573-5168
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