Article

Enriching Artemia nauplii with selenium from different sources and interactions with essential fatty acid incorporation

Citation

Cavrois-Rogacki T, Rolland A, Migaud H, Davie A & Monroig O (2020) Enriching Artemia nauplii with selenium from different sources and interactions with essential fatty acid incorporation. Aquaculture, 520, Art. No.: 734677. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734677

Abstract
The production of high-quality marine fish fry is limited by the low survival observed during the larval phase, which is often attributed to dietary deficiencies of the diets at first feeding. Despite progress made with live feed (i.e. rotifers, Artemia), enrichments in essential fatty acids for marine fish larvae, little is known on the micronutrient requirements such as selenium (Se). Se is a critical component of several enzymes maintaining important biological functions such as cellular oxidation, and therefore plays a key role in oxidative and stress status of marine larvae. The levels of Se found in the larvae's natural diet (i.e. copepods) is generally higher than those of the enriched live preys used in hatcheries. This study aimed at establishing a protocol to enrich Artemia nauplii with Se using different inorganic (sodium selenite) and organic (selenoyeast). Results indicated that the use of dissolved sodium selenite, an alternative inorganic and cheaper form of Se, did not increase the levels of Se in the nauplii. However, the use of selenoyeast (Sel-Plex) confirmed that it is possible to enrich the nauplii with targeted levels of Se, since this process followed a dose-response pattern with Se enrichment ranging from 1.7 to 12.4 mg kg−1. In addition, the supplementation of Sel-Plex to the regular enrichment product did not impact on lipids and fatty acids enrichment irrespective of the dose dispensed. Overall, this study contributes to the refinement of the live prey enrichment protocols that are critical to the success of marine finfish larviculture protocols.

Keywords
Artemia; Essential fatty acids; Selenium; Sel-plex; Sodium selenite

Journal
Aquaculture: Volume 520

StatusPublished
FundersUniversity of Stirling and Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre
Publication date15/04/2020
Publication date online06/11/2019
Date accepted by journal04/11/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30577
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0044-8486