Article

Loss of buoyancy control in the copepod Calanus finmarchicus

Citation

Cohen JH, Last KS, Waldie J & Pond DW (2019) Loss of buoyancy control in the copepod Calanus finmarchicus. Journal of Plankton Research, 41 (5), pp. 787-790. https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbz036

Abstract
A mechanism is demonstrated that could explain large-scale aggregations of lipid-rich copepods in the surface waters of marine environments. Laboratory experiments establish that changes in salinity and temperature induce lipid-mediated buoyancy instability that entrains copepods in surface waters. Reduced hydrostatic pressure associated with forced ascent of copepods at fjordic sills, shelf breaks and seamounts would also reduce the density of the lipid reserves, forcing copepods and particularly those in diapause to the surface. We propose that salinity, temperature and hydrodynamics of the physical environment, in conjunction with the biophysical properties of lipids, explain periodic high abundances of lipid-rich copepods in surface waters.

Keywords
salinity; temperature; pressure; lipid phase transition; depth regulation

Journal
Journal of Plankton Research: Volume 41, Issue 5

StatusPublished
FundersMarine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotland, NERC Natural Environment Research Council and Natural Environment Research Council
Publication date01/09/2019
Publication date online14/10/2019
Date accepted by journal04/07/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30553
ISSN0142-7873
eISSN1464-3774