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Article

Valuation of marine plastic pollution in the European Arctic: Applying an integrated choice and latent variable model to contingent valuation

Citation
Abate TG, Börger T, Aanesen M, Falk-Andersson J, Wyles KJ & Beaumont N (2020) Valuation of marine plastic pollution in the European Arctic: Applying an integrated choice and latent variable model to contingent valuation. Ecological Economics, 169, Art. No.: 106521. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.106521

Abstract
Despite its remoteness, marine plastic pollution is a significant environmental problem in the Arctic. In Svalbard, for example, plastics are found on the shorelines, in the water column, on the ocean floor and in the ice. Organisms have been observed to be entangled in nets and ingestion of plastics has been documented in a range of organisms. Notably almost all Arctic bird species have been found to have ingested plastic, with Northern fulmars being particularly affected, with 89 % of samples recorded as having ingested plastic. Identification and valuation of ecosystem services affected by marine plastic pollution can provide input for decision makers in evaluating and comparing management policies concerning this unique environment. This study employs the contingent valuation method (CVM) for eliciting the willingness to pay (WTP) of Norwegian households for reducing marine plastic pollution around the archipelago of Svalbard. An Integrated Choice and Latent Variable model (ICLV) is employed to explore attitudinal determinants of WTP. We find an average WTP for an initiative to reduce marine plastics of NOK 5,485 (USD 642) per household per year. The ICLV results reveal that people who are relatively more concerned about marine plastic pollution and who deem the proposed initiative effective are willing to pay more (up to 85 % and 50 %, respectively). The use of ICLV models in CVM and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Keywords
Arctic; Contingent valuation; Marine debris; Marine litter; Non-market valuation; Plastic; Waste

Journal
Ecological Economics: Volume 169

StatusPublished
Author(s)Abate, Tenaw G; Börger, Tobias; Aanesen, Margrethe; Falk-Andersson, Jannike; Wyles, Kayleigh J; Beaumont, Nicola
FundersMARP project and Polar Research programme (POLARPROG), The Norwegian Research Council of Norway
Publication date31/03/2020
Publication date online19/11/2019
Date accepted by journal26/10/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30600
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0921-8009
eISSN1873-6106
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