Citation Caes L & Fales J (2019) "Nothing about us without us": The route to developing useful participatory activities for adolescents with chronic pain. Pediatric Pain Letter, 21 (3), pp. 28-33. http://childpain.org/ppl/issues/v21n3_2019/v21n3_caes.shtml
Abstract First paragraph: Many adolescents with chronic pain experience disruptions to their social worlds, including difficulties in their peer relationships (Forgeron et al., 2010). The reasons for these peer problems are not well understood, though some have speculated that social competency deficits in the presence of pain may contribute (Fales & Forgeron, 2014). Understanding how adolescents with chronic pain navigate their social worlds - and how they react and respond to the unique social challenges that they experience - can offer critical insight into why some youth with chronic pain may be at greater risk for peer relationship problems.