Citation Yuan Y, Wang X, Jin M, Jiao L, Sun P, Betancor MB, Tocher DR & Zhou Q (2020) Modification of nutritional values and flavor qualities of muscle of swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus): Application of a dietary lipid nutrition strategy. Food Chemistry, 308 p. 11, Art. No.: 125607. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.125607
Abstract Lipid sources as alternatives to fish oil could alter the nutritional value and flavor quality of crab meat affecting consumer preferences. Herein, an 8-week nutritional trial was designed to investigate the effects of dietary lipid sources including fish oil (FO), krill oil (KO), palm oil, rapeseed oil, soybean oil and linseed oil on profiles of amino acids, fatty acids and volatiles in muscle of swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus). Volatiles of crab muscle were characterized by headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Results revealed that crabs fed FO and KO had significantly higher levels of protein, indispensable amino acids, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in muscle. Principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis demonstrated that muscle volatiles of crabs fed different dietary oils exhibited significant variations. Dietary FO and KO significantly increased the relative levels of 3-methylbutanal, heptanal, benzaldehyde and nonanal in muscle, which may produce more pleasant flavors.
Keywords Food Science; Analytical Chemistry; General Medicine