Gender and diet management in type 2 diabetes



Dimova ED, Swanson V & Evans JMM (2021) Gender and diet management in type 2 diabetes. Chronic Illness, 17 (4), pp. 362-376.

Introduction Type 2 diabetes is a chronic health condition that requires ongoing self-management. This often includes changes in diet, which may be open to influences from relatives. Family support in terms of diet may be linked with gender and the assumption that meal preparation is a traditionally female activity. This article looks at the role of gender in diet management in people with type 2 diabetes and their relatives. Methods Seventeen semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 participants (10 people with type 2 diabetes, 13 relatives of people with type 2 diabetes) in Scotland, UK. The aim was to uncover changes people have made to their diet following diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in oneself or a family member. Data were analysed using Framework Approach. Findings: Female relatives were more likely to manage the patient’s diet while male relatives provided support but were less likely to monitor the person’s diet. Female patients may prioritise the needs of their family while male patients are more likely to rely on their female relatives in terms of diet management. Discussion The study findings have implications for family-based interventions as gender may play a crucial role in the management of type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes; diet management; family; gender; interviews

Chronic Illness: Volume 17, Issue 4

FundersEconomic and Social Research Council
Publication date31/12/2021
Publication date online17/09/2019
Date accepted by journal06/08/2019

People (1)


Professor Vivien Swanson

Professor Vivien Swanson

Professor, Psychology

Research programmes

Research centres/groups

Research themes