Article

Assessment of Miscanthus × giganteus derived biochar as copper and zinc adsorbent: Study of the effect of pyrolysis temperature, pH and hydrogen peroxide modification

Citation

Cibati A, Foereid B, Bissessur A & Hapca S (2017) Assessment of Miscanthus × giganteus derived biochar as copper and zinc adsorbent: Study of the effect of pyrolysis temperature, pH and hydrogen peroxide modification. Journal of Cleaner Production, 162, pp. 1285-1296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.114

Abstract
In this work, experimental and modelling investigations were conducted on biochars pyrolyzed at 350 °C and 600 °C, to determine the effect of pyrolysis temperature, hydrogen peroxide activation and pH on copper and zinc removal, in comparison with commercially available activated carbons. Characterization of biochars was performed by BET surface area, elemental analysis and FTIR spectroscopy. Experiments results demonstrated that biochar pyrolyzed at 600 °C adsorbed both copper and zinc more efficiently than biochar pyrolyzed at 350 °C. Chemical activation by H2O2 increased the removal capacity of biochar pyrolyzed at 350 °C. All investigated biochars showed a stronger affinity for copper retention, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 15.7 mg/g while zinc was 10.4 mg/g. The best adsorption performances were obtained at pH 5 and 6. Langmuir adsorption isotherm described copper adsorption process satisfactorily, while zinc adsorption was better described by Freundlich isotherm.

Keywords
Biochar; Metal adsorption; Isotherms; Adsorbent; Copper; Zinc

Journal
Journal of Cleaner Production: Volume 162

StatusPublished
FundersFacoltà di Medicina e Psicologiaa, Sapienza Università di Roma and Short Term Scientific Mission (CSCM)
Publication date20/09/2017
Publication date online18/06/2017
Date accepted by journal13/06/2017
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30275
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0959-6526
eISSN1879-1786