Article

The Impact of Job Retention on Continuous Growth of Engineering and Informational Technology SMEs in South Korea

Citation

Park C, McQuaid R, Lee J, Kim S & Lee I (2019) The Impact of Job Retention on Continuous Growth of Engineering and Informational Technology SMEs in South Korea. Sustainability, 11 (18), Art. No.: 5005. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11185005

Abstract
This study aims to explore what factors are critically associated with job retention in Engineering and Information Technology small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in South Korea, and how employers think about sta retention policy in relation to business growth. This contrasts with previous studies that mainly focus on employee motivation, job retention, and turnover. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted face-to-face with founder Chief Executive Ocers (CEOs). The results suggest that an important factor influencing job retention policies of these SMEs was to motivate employees to make greater voluntary e ort, including through developing a collaborative organizational culture, rather than solely o ering them additional financial rewards or using other Human Resource Management (HRM) practices to improve individual performances. Interviewees believed that job retention and business growth were closely related, and they discussed various ways of eliciting emotional commitment from employees. Unlike research on larger firms, these suggestions did not involve immediate financial rewards. How employers thought that the roles played by employees strongly influenced their firm’s productivity and competitiveness. This study suggests SME employers adjust their retention policy specifically to improve their firm’s survival and long-term growth.

Keywords
retention policy; emotional commitment; job retention and business growth

Journal
Sustainability: Volume 11, Issue 18

StatusPublished
Publication date30/09/2019
Publication date online12/09/2019
Date accepted by journal05/09/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30229
PublisherMDPI AG
eISSN2071-1050