Niker F, Reiner PB & Felsen G (2018) Perceptions of Undue Influence Shed Light on the Folk Conception of Autonomy. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 p. 11, Art. No.: 1400. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01400
Advances in psychology and neuroscience have elucidated the social aspects of human agency, leading to a broad shift in our thinking about fundamental concepts such as autonomy and responsibility. Here, we address a critical aspect of this inquiry by investigating how people consider the socio-relational nature of their own agency,particularly the inﬂuence of others on their perceived control over their decisions and actions. Speciﬁcally, in a series of studies using contrastive vignettes, we examine public attitudes about when external inﬂuences on everyday decisions are perceived as “undue” – that is, as undermining the control conditions for these decisions to be considered autonomous – vs. when they are perceived as appropriate and even supportive of autonomous decision-making. We found that the inﬂuence of preauthorized agents – individuals and institutions with whom we share a worldview –was judged to be less undue than non-preauthorized agents, even after controlling for the familiarity of the agent. These effects persisted irrespective of the extent to which respondents identiﬁed as communitarian or individualistic, and were consistent across two distinct scenarios. We also found that external inﬂuences that were rational were perceived as less undue than those that were arational. Our study opens new avenues of inquiry into the “folk conception” of autonomy, and we discuss the implications of our ﬁndings for the ethics of public policies designed to inﬂuence decisions and for information sharing in social networks.
agency; autonomy; behavioural control; decision making; experimental philosophy; nudging
Frontiers in Psychology: Volume 9
|Funders||Greenwall Foundation and University of Warwick|
|Publication date online||08/08/2018|
|Date accepted by journal||19/07/2018|
|Publisher||Frontiers Media SA|