Article

Network structure and risk-based surveillance algorithms for live shrimp movements in Thailand

Citation

Saleetid N & Green DM (2019) Network structure and risk-based surveillance algorithms for live shrimp movements in Thailand. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 66 (6), pp. 2450-2461. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13303

Abstract
Live shrimp movements pose a potential route for site‐to‐site transmission of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) and other shrimp diseases. We present the first application of network theory to study shrimp epizootiology, providing quantitative information about the live shrimp movement network of Thailand (LSMN), and supporting practical and policy implementations of disease surveillance and control measures. We examined the LSMN over a 13‐month period from March 2013 to March 2014, with data obtained from the Thailand Department of Fisheries. The LSMN had a mixture of characteristics both limiting and facilitating disease spread. Importantly, the LSMN exhibited power‐law distributions of in and out degrees with exponents of 2.87 and 2.17, respectively. This characteristic indicates that the LSMN behaves like a scale‐free network and suggests that an effective strategy to control disease spread in the Thai shrimp farming sector can be achieved by removing a small number of targeted inter‐site connections (arcs between nodes). Specifically, a disease‐control algorithm based on betweenness centrality (defined as the number of shortest paths between node pairs that traverse a given arc) is proposed here to prioritize targets for disease surveillance and control measures.

Keywords
AHPND; graph theory; risk‐based surveillance

Journal
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases: Volume 66, Issue 6

StatusPublished
Publication date30/11/2019
Publication date online07/08/2019
Date accepted by journal27/06/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30008
ISSN1865-1674
eISSN1865-1682