Baëhl S, Garneau H, Le Page A, Lorrain D, Viens I, Svotelis A, Lord JM, Phillips AC, Cabana F, Larbi A, Dupuis G & Fülöp T (2015) Altered neutrophil functions in elderly patients during a 6-month follow-up period after a hip fracture. Experimental Gerontology, 65, pp. 58-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2015.03.009
Fracture of the hip (HF) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly individuals. HF is an acute stress that triggers a state of inflammation which may affect immune responses and physical recovery.
Longitudinal study of the impact of HF on the functions of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) in elderly subjects. Data were recorded prior to surgery, 6 weeks and 6 months later.
PMN functions were severely impaired shortly after HF (chemotaxis, phagocytosis, superoxide production) but there was a time-related recovery of some PMN functions (chemotaxis, phagocytosis) over time, except in the case of superoxide production. Whereas FcγRII (CD32) expression remained unchanged, FcγRIII (CD16) increased from low values before surgery to levels of controls 6 months post-surgery. This was also the case for the C5a complement receptor and CD11b. TLR2 and TLR4 expressions were unchanged. Cytokine and chemokine secretions by stimulated PMN were altered. TNFα and IL-10 secretions were increased following HF but IL-8 secretion was decreased. Impaired PMN functions prior to surgery were related to alterations in PI3K and NF-κB signaling pathways. Recovery of these functions paralleled increased PI3K activity, although superoxide production remained low. Sustained activation of the NF-κB pathway by TNFα has been reported to involve upregulation of IKKβ kinase activity. Activated IKKβ kinase inhibits ERK1/2 and results in concomitant downstream inhibition of NADPH oxidase complex which can account for sustained impaired production of ROS in HF patients.
Our data showed that the stress caused by HF negatively affects initial PMN responses shortly after the event and that may negatively influence clinical outcomes such as resolving long-term inflammation and recovery, as well as explaining susceptibility to opportunistic infections.
Hip fracture; Neutrophil functions; Phagocytosis; Inflammation; Chemotaxis; Aging
Experimental Gerontology: Volume 65
|Funders||Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Université de Sherbrooke, Research Center on Aging, Division of Geriatrics and the New Dynamics of Ageing and Société des médecins de l'Université de Sherbrooke (SMUS)|
|Publication date online||19/03/2015|
|Date accepted by journal||18/03/2015|