Article

Enacted discretion: policy implementation, local government reform and education services in Pakistan

Details

Citation

Farooqi S & Forbes T (2020) Enacted discretion: policy implementation, local government reform and education services in Pakistan. Public Management Review, 22 (8), pp. 1217-1239. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2019.1630134

Abstract
This article examines policy implementation in the Pakistan education sector introduced by the Musharraf local government reforms between 2001 and 2009. By devolving administrative and financial powers from the provincial to local government, the reforms sought to address weaknesses in existing local government provision. Our analysis developed a process model of policy implementation that suggests that while extensive structural decentralisation did occur, in practice this was more limited leading to what we term enacted management discretion, where local managers overcame weak organisational capacity, resource constraints and increased bureaucratic control from higher tiers of provincial government to manage and deliver educational services.

Keywords
Policy implementation; managerial discretion; local government reform; Pakistan

Journal
Public Management Review: Volume 22, Issue 8

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2020
Publication date online01/07/2019
Date accepted by journal01/05/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/29921
ISSN1471-9037
eISSN1471-9045

People (1)

People

Dr Tom Forbes

Dr Tom Forbes

Senior Lecturer, Management, Work and Organisation