Cardiovascular reactivity patterns and pathways to hypertension: a multivariate cluster analysis



Brindle RC, Ginty AT, Jones A, Phillips AC, Roseboom TJ, Carroll D, Painter RC & de Rooij SR (2016) Cardiovascular reactivity patterns and pathways to hypertension: a multivariate cluster analysis. Journal of Human Hypertension, 30 (12), pp. 755-760.

Substantial evidence links exaggerated mental stress induced blood pressure reactivity to future hypertension, but the results for heart rate reactivity are less clear. For this reason multivariate cluster analysis was carried out to examine the relationship between heart rate and blood pressure reactivity patterns and hypertension in a large prospective cohort (age range 55–60 years). Four clusters emerged with statistically different systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate reactivity patterns. Cluster 1 was characterised by a relatively exaggerated blood pressure and heart rate response while the blood pressure and heart rate responses of cluster 2 were relatively modest and in line with the sample mean. Cluster 3 was characterised by blunted cardiovascular stress reactivity across all variables and cluster 4, by an exaggerated blood pressure response and modest heart rate response. Membership to cluster 4 conferred an increased risk of hypertension at 5-year follow-up (hazard ratio=2.98 (95% CI: 1.50–5.90), P

Psychological Stress; Multivariate Cluster Analysis; Hypertension; Blood Pressure; Heart Rate; Body Mass Index

Journal of Human Hypertension: Volume 30, Issue 12

FundersUniversity of Birmingham
Publication date31/12/2016
Publication date online23/06/2016
Date accepted by journal28/04/2016
PublisherSpringer Nature

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Professor Anna Whittaker

Professor Anna Whittaker

Professor of Behavioural Medicine, Sport