Citation Cavrois Rogacki T, Davie A, King E, Esnault S, Migaud H & Monroig O (2019) Short-term lecithin enrichments can enhance the phospholipid and DHA contents of the polar lipid fraction of Artemia nauplii. Aquaculture, 510, pp. 122-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.05.041
Abstract Wild copepods are the main natural diet of marine finfish and they meet the larvae's requirements in phospholipids and essential fatty acids (EFA). While Artemia nauplii are an easier and more reliable live feed to produce in hatcheries for marine fish larvae than wild zooplankton, enrichment products commercially used lack phospholipids and essential long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA). This is particularly true for docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) within their polar lipid fraction (PLDHA), which is critical to the survival and good development of the larvae. In this study, we showed that it is possible to increase the levels of phospholipids and DHA within the PL fraction of Artemia nauplii using marine lecithin through a process referred to as “boosting”. A cheaper alternative to marine lecithin, soya lecithin, was also tested but resulted only in a significant increase of the phospholipid content of the nauplii with no positive effect on the essential LC-PUFA levels, due to the absence of LC-PUFA in the soya lecithin. This study also showed that the levels of PLDHA in the Artemia boosted with marine lecithin did not reflect the levels of PLDHA in the lecithin, highlighting there the complexity of the boosting process. Finally, chilling enriched Artemia nauplii at 5 °C for up to 10 h did not impact on their nutritional quality post-enrichment. Ultimately, this study proposes innovative and sound enrichment strategies to produce Artemia nauplii rich in EFA and/or PL, similarly to that of the wild copepods' lipid profile.