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Article

The Role of Alfred J. Marrow and the Harwood Manufacturing Corporation in the Advancement of OD

Citation
Burnes B (2019) The Role of Alfred J. Marrow and the Harwood Manufacturing Corporation in the Advancement of OD. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 55 (4), pp. 397-427. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021886319865270

Abstract
The Harwood Manufacturing Corporation began its life in the garment-trade sweatshops of New York at the end of the 19th century, and ended its independent existence in the sweatshops of Honduras and Costa Rica at the end of the 20th century. Inbetween, under the influence of Kurt Lewin and Alfred Marrow, it became seen as a beacon of progressive management: the place where the values, tools and philosophy of the Organization Development (OD) movement were trialled, extended and established. Harwood laid the foundations of the group-orientated OD which emerged in the 1950s and shaped the more system-wide and integrated approach to OD that came to the fore in the 1970s. As such it left a lasting legacy which has been institutionalised in current OD practices and values.

Keywords
Alfred J Marrow; Harwood Manufacturing Corporation; Institute for Social Research; Kurt Lewin; Organization Development; Weldon Manufacturing Company

Journal
Journal of Applied Behavioral Science: Volume 55, Issue 4

StatusPublished
Author(s)Burnes, Bernard
Publication date31/12/2019
Publication date online03/09/2019
Date accepted by journal10/06/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/29678
ISSN0021-8863
eISSN1552-6879
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