Conference Paper

Bioremediation of a pesticide and selected heavy metals in wastewater from various sources using a consortium of microalgae and cyanobacteria

Citation

Abdel-Razek MA, Abozeid AM, Eltholth MM, Abouelenien FA, El-Midany SA, Moustafa NY & Mohamed RA (2019) Bioremediation of a pesticide and selected heavy metals in wastewater from various sources using a consortium of microalgae and cyanobacteria. The Fifth International Scientific Conference of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hurghada, Egypt. Slovenian Veterinary Research, 56 (Suppl 22), pp. 61-73. https://www.slovetres.si/index.php/SVR/article/view/744/173

Abstract
The presence of organophosphate pesticides and heavy metals in water are known to be toxic to aquatic organisms. Bioremediation makes use of naturally-occurring organisms to remove pollutants from the environment. This study explored the potential of using a consortium of microalgae and cyanobacteria (Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus quadricuda and Spirulina platensis) to remove the organophosphate pesticide malathion and the heavy metals cadmium, nickel and lead from water samples taken from varying combinations of urban wastewater and agricultural drainage water in Egypt. The fastest algal growth observed in this study was in a treatment containing the microorganismal consortium, malathion and heavy metals cultured in water samples taken from agriculture drainage and urban wastewater. Microalgae in this study were able to remove malathion from samples of wastewater with up to 99% efficacy and were able to bioaccumulate nickel at up to 95% efficacy. Moreover, microalgae demonstrated the ability to uptake lead and cadmium at up to 89% and 88% efficacy respectively. The results from this study suggest that a consortium of Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus quadricuda and Spirulina platensis can be effective in remediating the pesticide malathion and the heavy metals cadmium, lead and nickel from wastewater.

Keywords
bioremediation; wastewater; microorganisms; microalgae; pesticides; heavy metals

Journal
Slovenian Veterinary Research: Volume 56, Issue Suppl 22

StatusPublished
Publication date31/12/2019
Date accepted by journal01/02/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/29970
Publisher URLhttps://www.slovetres.si/index.php/SVR/article/view/744/173
ISSN1580-4003
ConferenceThe Fifth International Scientific Conference of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Conference locationHurghada, Egypt