Article

MicroRNAs Involved in the Regulation of LC-PUFA Biosynthesis in Teleosts: miR-33 Enhances LC-PUFA Biosynthesis in Siganus canaliculatus by Targeting insig1 which in Turn Upregulates srebp1

Citation

Sun JJ, Zheng LG, Chen CY, Zhang JY, You CH, Zhang QH, Ma HY, Monroig O, Tocher DR, Wang SQ & Li YY (2019) MicroRNAs Involved in the Regulation of LC-PUFA Biosynthesis in Teleosts: miR-33 Enhances LC-PUFA Biosynthesis in Siganus canaliculatus by Targeting insig1 which in Turn Upregulates srebp1. Marine Biotechnology, 21 (4), pp. 475-487. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10126-019-09895-w

Abstract
Post-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms play important roles in the regulation of LC-PUFA biosynthesis. Our previous study revealed that miR-33 could increase the expression of fatty acyl desaturases (fads2) in the rabbitfish Siganus canaliculatus, but the specific mechanism is unknown. Here, we confirmed that miR-33 could target the 3′UTR of insulin-induced gene 1 (insig1), resulting in downregulation of its protein level in the rabbitfish hepatocyte line (SCHL). In vitro overexpression of miR-33 inhibited the mRNA level of insig1 and increased the mRNA levels of Δ6Δ5 fads2 and elovl5, as well as srebp1. In SCHL cells, proteolytic activation of sterol-regulatory-element-binding protein-1 (Srebp1) was blocked by Insig1, with overexpression of insig1 decreasing mature Srebp1 level, while inhibition of insig1 led to the opposite effect. Srebp1 could enhance the promoter activity of Δ6Δ5 fads2 and elovl5, whose expression levels decreased with knockdown of srebp1 in SCHL. Overexpression of miR-33 also resulted in a higher conversion of 18:3n-3 to 18:4n-3 and 20:5n-3 to 22:5n-3, linked to desaturation and elongation via Δ6Δ5 Fads2 and Elovl5, respectively. The results suggested that the mechanism by which miR-33 regulates LC-PUFA biosynthesis in rabbitfish is through enhancing the expression of srebp1 by targeting insig1. The findings here provide more insight to the mechanism of miRNAs involvement in the regulation of LC-PUFA biosynthesis in teleosts.

Keywords
miR-33; insig1; srebp1; Δ6Δ5fads2; elovl5; LC-PUFA biosynthesis

Journal
Marine Biotechnology: Volume 21, Issue 4

StatusPublished
FundersNational Natural Science Foundation of China, Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, National Key R&D Program of China and China Agriculture Research System
Publication date31/08/2019
Publication date online24/04/2019
Date accepted by journal19/03/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/29478
ISSN1436-2228
eISSN1436-2236