Article

Global ecological, social and economic impacts of marine plastic

Citation

Beaumont N, Aanesen M, Austen M, Börger T, Clark J, Cole M, Hooper T, Lindeque P, Pascoe C & Wyles K (2019) Global ecological, social and economic impacts of marine plastic. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 142, pp. 189-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.03.022

Abstract
This research takes a holistic approach to considering the consequences of marine plastic pollution. A semi-systematic literature review of 1191 data points provides the basis to determine the global ecological, social and economic impacts. An ecosystem impact analysis demonstrates that there is global evidence of impact with medium to high frequency on all subjects, with a medium to high degree of irreversibility. A novel translation of these ecological impacts into ecosystem service impacts provides evidence that all ecosystem services are impacted to some extent by the presence of marine plastic, with a reduction in provision predicted for all except one. This reduction in ecosystem service provision is evidenced to have implications for human health and wellbeing, linked particularly to fisheries, heritage and charismatic species, and recreation.

Keywords
Plastic waste; Ecosystem service; Valuation; International; Societal; Financial costs

Journal
Marine Pollution Bulletin: Volume 142

StatusPublished
FundersDepartment for Environment Food & Rural Affairs and Natural Environment Research Council
Publication date31/05/2019
Publication date online27/03/2019
Date accepted by journal11/03/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/29518
ISSN0025-326X