Citation Brown A, Thatje S, Martinez A, Pond D & Oliphant A (2019) The effect of high hydrostatic pressure acclimation on acute temperature tolerance and phospholipid fatty acid composition in the shallow-water shrimp Palaemon varians. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 514-515, pp. 103-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2019.03.011
Abstract Extant deep-sea fauna, including hydrothermal vent endemics such as bresiliid shrimp, are descended from shallow-water ancestors. Previous studies have demonstrated the capacity of shallow-water shrimp to acclimate to hydrostatic pressure representative of the vent environment. It has been proposed that this hyperbaric acclimation depends in part on shifts in phospholipid fatty acid composition to maintain biomembrane function. These shifts are also predicted to reduce critical temperature tolerance, potentially limiting the possibility of direct colonisation of the hydrothermal vent environment. Here, we present evidence that acclimation to high hydrostatic pressure (10MPa≈1000m water depth) decreases acute temperature tolerance from 30.2°C to 27.1°C in the shallow-water shrimp Palaemon varians acclimated to 10°C. Statistically signiﬁcant shifts in phospholipid fatty acid composition occurred during exposure to high hydrostatic pressure, suggesting that homeoviscous modiﬁcations support shifts in environmental tolerances during hyperbaric acclimation. Despite the reduction in temperature tolerance, P.varians retains suﬃcient thermal scope to tolerate the thermal regime in the hydrothermal vent environment, allowing for the possibility of direct deep-sea hydrothermal vent colonisation by shallow-water shrimp.
Keywords adaptation; Caridea; CTmax; deep sea; ecology; physiology;
Journal Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology: Volume 514-515
Brown, Alastair; Thatje, Sven; Martinez, Alejandro; Pond, David; Oliphant, Andrew