Book Chapter

Modelling land use dynamics in socio-ecological systems: A case study in the UK uplands

Citation

Termansen M, Chapman DS, Quinn CH, Fraser EDG, Jin N, Beharry-Borg N & Hubacek K (2019) Modelling land use dynamics in socio-ecological systems: A case study in the UK uplands. In: Bohan DA & Dumbrell AJ (eds.) Resilience in Complex Socio-ecological Systems. Advances in Ecological Research, 60. London: Academic Press, pp. 125-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2019.03.002

Abstract
It is well-recognised that to achieve long-term sustainable and resilient land management we need to understand the coupled dynamics of social and ecological systems. Land use change scenarios will often aim to understand (i) the behaviours of land management, influenced by direct and indirect drivers, (ii) the resulting changes in land use and (iii) the environmental implications of these changes. While the literature in this field is extensive, approaches to parameterise coupled systems through integration of empirical social science based models and ecology based models still need further development. We propose an approach to land use dynamics modelling based on the integration of behavioural models derived from choice experiments and spatially explicit systems dynamics modelling. This involves the specification of a choice model to parameterise land use behaviour and the integration with a spatial habitat succession model. We test this approach in an upland socio-ecological system in the United Kingdom. We conduct a choice experiment with land managers in the Peak District National Park. The elicited preferences form the basis for a behavioural model, which is integrated with a habitat succession model to predict the landscape level vegetation impacts. The integrated model allows us to create projections of how land use may change in the future under different environmental and policy scenarios, and the impact this may have on landscape vegetation patterns. We illustrate this by showing future projection of landscape changes related to hypothetical changes to EU level agricultural management incentives. The advantages of this approach are (i) the approach takes into account potential environmental and management feedbacks, an aspect often ignored in choice modelling, (ii) the behavioural rules are revealed from actual and hypothetical choice data, which allow the research to test the empirical evidence for various determinants of choice, (iii) the behavioural choice models generate probabilities of alternative behaviours which make them ideally suited for integration with simulation models. The paper concludes that the modelling approach offers a promising route for linking socio-economic and ecological features of socio-ecological systems. Furthermore, our proposed approach allows testing of the underlying socio-economic and environmental drivers and their interaction in real environmental systems.

Keywords
Systems dynamics modelling; Choice experiments; Integrated ecological-economic modelling; Single farm payment; Habitat succession; Vegetation dynamics; Grouse; Land management; Uplands

Journal
Resilience in Complex Socio-ecological Systems; Advances in Ecological Research

StatusPublished
FundersNatural Environment Research Council
Title of seriesAdvances in Ecological Research
Number in series60
Publication date31/12/2019
Publication date online02/04/2019
PublisherAcademic Press
Place of publicationLondon
ISSN of series0065-2504
ISBN9780081028544
eISBN9780081028551