Article

Using systems thinking and open innovation to strengthen aquaculture policy for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

Citation

Stead SM (2019) Using systems thinking and open innovation to strengthen aquaculture policy for the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Journal of Fish Biology, 94 (6), pp. 837-844. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.13970

Abstract
In a world of nine billion people and a widening income gap between the rich and poor, it is time to rethink how aquaculture can strengthen its contribution to the second UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of zero hunger in our generation. The disparity in the level of sustainable aquaculture development at present, between and within countries, especially regarding human access to farmed aquatic food remains highly variable across the globe. This paper offers a fresh look at the opportunities from using systems thinking and new open innovation measuring tools to grow sustainable aquaculture. Political will in many nations is the main constraint to aquaculture in realising its potential as an: accessible source of micronutrients and nutritious protein; aid to meeting conservation goals; economic prosperity generator where benefits extend to locals and provider of indirect social benefits such as access to education and well‐being, among others. Resources to enable strong partnerships (SDG 17) between academia, civic society, government and industry should be prioritised by governments to build a sustainable aquatic food system, accessible to all, forever.

Keywords
aquaculture; food security; open innovation; sustainable development goals; systems thinking

Journal
Journal of Fish Biology: Volume 94, Issue 6

StatusPublished
FundersAlan Turing Institute
Publication date30/06/2019
Publication date online18/03/2019
Date accepted by journal26/02/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/29266
ISSN0022-1112
eISSN1095-8649