Article

Retrieval of nearshore bathymetry from Landsat 8 images: A tool for coastal monitoring in shallow waters

Citation

Pacheco A, Horta J, Loureiro C & Ferreira Ó (2015) Retrieval of nearshore bathymetry from Landsat 8 images: A tool for coastal monitoring in shallow waters. Remote Sensing of Environment, 159, pp. 102-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2014.12.004

Abstract
Nearshore bathymetry is likely to be the coastal variable that most limits the investigation of coastal processes and the accuracy of numerical models in coastal areas, as acquiring medium spatial resolution data in the near- shore is highly demanding and costly. As such, the ability to derive bathymetry using remote sensing techniques is a topic of increasing interest in coastal monitoring and research. This contribution focuses on the application of the linear transform algorithm to obtain satellite-derived bathymetry (SDB) maps of the nearshore, at medium resolution (30 m), from freely available and easily accessible Landsat 8 imagery. The algorithm was tuned with available bathymetric Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data for a 60-km-long nearshore stretch of a highly complex coastal system that includes barrier islands, exposed sandy beaches, and tidal inlets (Ria Formosa, Portugal). A comparison of the retrieved depths is presented, enabling the configuration of nearshore profiles and extracted isobaths to be explored and compared with traditional topographic/bathymetric techniques (e.g., high- and medium-resolution LiDAR data and survey-grade echo-sounding combined with high-precision positioning systems). The results demonstrate that the linear algorithm is efficient for retrieving bathymetry from multi-spectral satellite data for shallow water depths (0 to 12 m), showing a mean bias of − 0.2 m, a median difference of −0.1 m, and a root mean square error of 0.89 m. Accuracy is shown to be depth dependent, an inherent limitation of passive optical detection systems. Accuracy further decreases in areas where turbidity is likely to be higher, such as locations adjacent to tidal inlets. The SDB maps provide reliable estimations of the shoreline position and of nearshore isobaths for different cases along the complex coastline analysed. The use of freely available satellite imagery proved to be a quick and reliable method for acquiring updated medium- resolution, high-frequency (days and weeks), low-cost bathymetric information for large areas and depths of up to 12 m in clear waters without wave breaking, allowing almost constant monitoring of the submerged beach and the shoreface.

Keywords
satellite-derived bathymetry; Landsat; LiDAR; linear transform algorithm; coastal monitoring; Ria Formosa;

Journal
Remote Sensing of Environment: Volume 159

StatusPublished
FundersPortuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology and EROS (Erosion of Rocky Shores)
Publication date15/03/2015
Publication date online29/12/2014
Date accepted by journal08/12/2014
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/29142
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0034-4257

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