Critchlow N, MacKintosh AM, Thomas C, Hooper L & Vohra J (2019) Awareness of alcohol marketing, ownership of alcohol branded merchandise, and the association with alcohol consumption, higher-risk drinking, and drinking susceptibility in adolescents and young adults: a cross-sectional survey in the UK [Alcohol marketing and consumption in young people in the UK]. BMJ Open, 9 (3), Art. No.: e025297. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025297
Objectives: To explore awareness of alcohol marketing and ownership of alcohol branded merchandise in adolescents and young adults in the United Kingdom (UK), what factors are associated with awareness and ownership, and what association awareness and ownership has with alcohol consumption, higher-risk drinking, and susceptibility.
Design: Online cross-sectional survey conducted April–May 2017.
Participants: Adolescents and young adults aged 11-19 years old in the UK (n=3,399).
Main outcome measures: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test–Consumption (AUDIT-C) (0-12) and indication of higher-risk consumption (>5 AUDIT-C) in current drinkers. Susceptibility to drink (Yes/No) in never drinkers.
Results: Eighty-two percent of respondents were aware of at least one form of alcohol marketing in the past month and 17% owned branded merchandise. Chi-square tests found that awareness of marketing and ownership of branded merchandise varied within drinking variables. For example, higher awareness of alcohol marketing was associated with being a current drinker (χ2=114.04, p < 0.001), higher-risk drinking (χ2=85.84, p < 0.001), and perceived parental (χ2=63.06, p < 0.001) and peer approval of consumption (χ2=73.08, p < 0.001). Among current drinkers, multivariate regressions (controlling for demographics and covariates) found that marketing awareness and owning branded merchandise was positively associated with AUDIT-C score and higher-risk consumption. For example, current drinkers reporting medium marketing awareness were twice as likely to be higher-risk drinkers as those reporting low awareness (AOR=2.18, 95% CI: 1.39-3.42, p
Alcohol marketing; Young people; Higher-risk drinking; Alcohol Advertising; Susceptibility; Survey; Public Health; Health Policy;
BMJ Open: Volume 9, Issue 3